Welcome to the  
SMAPEx-4 Archive
Soil Moisture Active Passive Experiment

Soil Moisture Sampling

Spatial ground sampling of soil moisture was undertaken concurrently with each regional flight during SMAPEx-4. On flight day, soil moisture sampling was undertaken on a regular grid of 250m-spaced locations in three 3km x 3km focus areas (intensive soil moisture sampling); on non-flight day, soil moisture sampling was undertaken across the entire SMAPEx site (regional soil moisture sampling). At each location three surface soil moisture measurements were taken. This allows the effect of random errors in local scale soil moisture measurements to be minimised. Complete details on the soil moisture sampling strategy and protocols can be found in the SMAPEx-4 workplan.

Soil Moisture Sampling Overview

HDAS soil moisture measurements

Users can download the soil moisture data of the corresponding patch via the Download Centre .

Hydraprobe Data Acquisition System

Soil moisture measurements during SMAPEx were undertaken using the Hydraprobe Data Acquisition System (HDAS), a powerful spatial data acquisition tool developed by the investigators which integrates a handheld Pocket PC, a Stevens Water Hydraprobe and a GPS receiver into a mobile GIS environment. This system allows navigating to predefined sampling locations and collecting and storing in real-time a variety of spatial data, including the soil moisture, soil temperature and soil salinity provided by the probe as well as a variety of user-prompted observations (land cover type, vegetation canopy height, visual observation of dew presence, visual estimate of surface rock cover fraction, irrigation type).

Hydraprobe Calibration

The soil moisture calibration equation for the HDAS was derived from the analysis of a large number of laboratory and field gravimetric samples collected in previous campaigns by Merlin et al (2007). The quality of the calibration was confirmed by analysis of gravimetric data from the SMAPEx and related AACES experiments.




Created: February 2016
Last Modified: June 2016
Maintainer: Xiaoling Wu, xiaoling.wu@monash.edu